The National Institute of Mental Health Disorders reports that mental health disorders (including mood disorders) make up numerous causes of disabilities throughout the United States. They also report that 9.5% of adults in the country will experience a depressive illness each year.
With this many people impacted by mood and other mental health disorders, it is necessary that these individuals have places to call on when they need help. At Wave Treatment Centers, our team of mental health professionals work collectively to provide only the utmost quality of care for each and every patient who comes through our doors. With extensive experience in treating mood disorders, the team at Wave Treatment Centers led by Jonathan Beatty, M.D. has successfully treated countless cases in all types of people.
Being aware of mood disorders and what they look like is the first weapon in defense against these invasive and often uncomfortable mental health conditions.
Types of Mood Disorders
Mood disorders, depending on their severity, can range from being slightly bothersome to completely debilitating. Several factors play a role in the type of mood disorder a person may develop and how intense the symptoms associated with it will become. These factors include age, gender, family history of mental illness, and environment.
So, what are some common mood disorders? There are many, but the most common ones include major depression, dysthymic disorder, bipolar disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition, and substance-induced mood disorder:
- Major Depression – Major depression (also referred to as clinical depression) is the most common type of mood disorder in the country. About 17.3 million Americans experience this disorder. It is characterized by a persistently depressed mood, along with loss of interest in activities. This type of depression often impacts a person’s ability to achieve normal functioning on a daily basis.
- Dysthymic Disorder – Dysthymic disorder may not be as widely spoken about as major depression is, but it impacts more than 3 million Americans each year. The major difference between this type of disorder and major depression is that dysthymic disorder causes a depressive mood lasting for at least two years or longer. There must also be at least two other symptoms of depression occurring within this time frame.
- Bipolar Disorder – Bipolar disorder, which affects more than three million people in the United States each year, is defined by significant mood swings that are both manic and depressive. This type of mood disorder can be agitated easily by one’s environment, as well as their genetic predisposition to bipolar disorder and associated disorders.
Mood disorders caused by a general medical condition and substance-induced mood disorder are slightly different than the above mood disorders, as they are triggered by factors not directly related to depression. For example, those who experience mood disorders caused by a general medical condition may develop symptoms associated with a mood disorder in response to having a heart attack, developing a neurological condition, experiencing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), having cancer or other life-threatening health condition, and so on.
Mood disorders that are substance-induced occur in those individuals who abuse mind-altering substances that trigger the onset of depressive symptoms. For instance, someone who abuses methamphetamine may develop a mood disorder as a result of the damage the drug does to the brain. Meth in particular is highly destructive and can alter areas of the brain that would otherwise be capable of regulating one’s mood.
Symptoms of a Mood Disorder
Not every single mood disorder shares the same symptoms with the next. Generally speaking, however, people who experience a mood disorder are likely to develop some or all of the following common symptoms:
- Problems sleeping
- Changes in eating habits
- Difficulty concentrating
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Low self-esteem
- Social withdrawal
- Trouble making decisions
- Fatigue/low energy
When mood disorders go untreated, attempting to live a happy, healthy life in the face of troublesome symptoms can be challenging to say the least. Thankfully, mood disorders like major depression and bipolar disorder can be successfully treated so that the individuals affected can learn how to properly manage their symptoms and enjoy their lives.
Mood disorders are typically treated with a combination of medication and therapy. Some medications that have proven to be helpful in treating a wide range of mood disorders include:
- Antidepressants (Wellbutrin, Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa)
- Antipsychotics (Seroquel, Risperdal, Abilify)
- Mood Stabilizers (Lithium, Depakene, Tegretol)
Solely taking prescription medication to treat a mood disorder is not as effective as it is when combined with one or more types of therapy. For mood disorders specifically, some of the therapies that are most frequently utilized include the following:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Interpersonal therapy
- Light therapy
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
Mood Disorder Treatment in Philadelphia
At Wave Treatment Centers, we specialize in treating all types of mood disorders. Led by Jonathan Beatty, M.D., our staff are not only qualified to provide these and other types of evidence-based treatments to our patients, but they are also passionate about doing so. We understand how painful mood disorders can be for both you and your loved ones.
If you are struggling with a mood disorder, do not wait to contact us right now. We are ready to help you get on the road to recovery today.